Une image est-elle réellement objective?

Certaines photos de presse acquierent le statut d'images iconiques suite à un concours de circonstances particulières. Une photo iconique possède une dimension historique, suscite des réactions empathiques et possède des qualités esthétiques. 

A partir de ces constats, on peut s'interroger sur les conditions qui poussent certains photographes à publier certaines de leurs photos.

Lors de la passation de pouvoir du président Obama au président élu Trump en janvier 2017, cette photo est apparue dans de nombreux médias, notamment dans une série de L'Obs  

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Et vous, qu'en pensez-vous? Ces photos donnent-elles une image objective et réaliste de la cérémonie, ou sont-elles orientées selon un certain parti pris? 

Dans les commentires, rédige un avis argumenté de 15 lignes sur cette photo. 

Mise en perspective: l'album photo de CNN de la campagne de Trump 

 

medias SPME2017 ClubZenon

Commentaires (12)

Tess Paul-Boncour
  • 1. Tess Paul-Boncour | 2017-03-06

Cette photos prise lors de la passation de pouvoir du président Obama au président Trump n’est pas objective. On peut y voir Trump montrant d’un doigt menaçant Obama qui lui serre son autre main. Ils sont au centre de la photo et plusieurs personnes les regardent.
Cette image ne donne pas une bonne impression de la cérémonie car on peut croire que l’inauguration s’est mal déroulée, que Trump a été odieux envers Obama. L’impression que donne cette photo est que le nouveau président se croit supérieur et accuse et menace Obama.
Cette photo n’est pas objective car elle diminue un des présidents, Trump. Le photographe est du parti d’Obama donc il prend une photo qui dénigre l'autre président.
Cette image a été publié car les médias sont pour la plupart contre Trump et cette photo reste gravée dans la tête des lecteurs. Cette photo dénigre le président.
Finalement, la photo n'est pas objective car les medias. Cela montre que meme dans les medias et vue par le monde entier, les photos ne sont pas toujours objective.

Zoe Dubois
  • 2. Zoe Dubois | 2017-03-06

Non je ne pense pas cette photo soit objective car elle a été prise très rapidement et on ne peut pas savoir si le mouvement de Donald.T était censé être insultant ou si la photo a été prise au mauvais moment, du moins elle ne met en valeur aucun des deux hommes politiques. En regardant cette photo, on prend forcément le parti de Barack Obama qui a l’air offensé par le geste de Donald Trump. Son geste a l’air déplace et donne une mauvaise de leur relation entre vice président et nouveau président. Il semble le pointer méchamment du doigt mais si on regarde un peu plus, on peut voir qu’ils se serrent la main, et que l’autre main de Barack obama est posé sur le bras de Donald Trump, mais très poliment. Leurs visages sont fermés et plutôt froid. Ils n’ont pas l’air de s'apprécier ou d’avoir d’affinités. Ce que j'en pense : Ce geste demontre bien le comportement irrespectieux de Donald Trump et son attitude en tant que President n'est pas acceptable. Cette photo n'est pas objective car on n peut pas savoir et on se saura jamais si juste apres le cliche, ils se sont salues polimentet respectueusement. Cela degage une mauvaise et froide ambiante par rapport a la ceremonie dont ils sont les deux principaux concernés. Cela depend de la personne qui regarde la photo et de son interpretation

Constantin Demy
  • 3. Constantin Demy | 2017-03-06

Je pense qu'une photo est toujours subjective, elle est toujours influencée par les événements actuels, les personne connues ou au pouvoir. Toutes les photo sont influencées en quelque sorte par les événements present ou par les personnes qui dominent la presse et les sociétés de média. Par exemple, cette photo montre que Donald Trump s'énerve sur Barack Obama pendant qu’il lui serre la main. Barack Obama est très connu et Donald Trump est le 45eme Président des Etats Unis. Comme deux personnages connus sont rassemblés ensemble, les médias et la presse se sentent obligés de prendre beaucoups de photos pour immortaliser le moment

Thibeaux Hirsh
  • 4. Thibeaux Hirsh | 2017-03-06

Une image n'est jamais réellement objective. Une image porte presque toujours un message et ce message n'a rarement pas un point de vue évident. Dans la photo, les personnages et leur position peuvent donner une impression sur celui qui regarde la photo. Cela peut aussi avoir une certaine importance car il peut dire quelque chose sur leur rôle (supériorité/infériorité,....). Il y a beaucoup de moyens pour orienter la réception et l’interprétation d'une photo (l'angle...). Les photos sont aussi manipulées pour donner une mauvaise impression sur quelqu’un, ou une fausse bonne impression. Les positionnements des corps portent aussi un message. Il faut aussi comprendre le contexte pour vraiment pouvoir correctement comprendre la photo. Tous ces éléments font partie du message.
Dans cette image Donald Trump a un air agressif et un peu violent. Il a le doigt pointu et le bras tendu vers Obama. Cela lui donne un aspect méchant et on a aussi l'impression qu'il juge Obama. Trump étant le nouveau président élu semble se permettre de juger Obama. Ces deux hommes se serrent la main en public. Ils semblent ne pas avoir une relation amicale car aucun d'entre eux sourit. Trump n'est pas à son avantage, on sent une partie pris Cette photo doit avoir été publiée dans un média d'opposition à Trump
Une image est presque jamais réellement objective.

Julien Jauroyou
  • 5. Julien Jauroyou | 2017-03-06

Une image n’est jamais prise pour être objective. Capturé par Kevin Lamarque pendant l’inauguration de Trump ce janvier passé en 2017. On peut effectivement voir les deux présidents qui se parlent. Trump pointe à Obama avec son fils qui se trouve sur son côté. On pourrait assumer que Trump accuse Obama d'avoir fait quelque chose de mal. La photo a été prise à cet exact moment pour capturer cet idée d’accusation.
Les deux présidents côte à côte représentent le passé et l’avenir des Etats-Unis. Donald Trump a l’air de s'énerver et on peut revenir à l'idée d’accusation, et Obama est la voix de la raison et essaye de le calmer. Je ne pense pas que les images sont objectives car elle représentent les avis du photographe et pas tout le monde possède les mêmes idées et raisons. Je ne pense pas qu’elle représente le vrai atmosphère de l’inauguration mais plutôt le côté plus “sinistre”. L’inauguration était pour le bien et cet photo montre la partie inverse.

Sierra Karr
  • 6. Sierra Karr | 2017-02-16

These photos taken at Trump's Inauguration have gotten very popular because of the peoples' expressions captured at the right or wrong moment. As you know the expression "a picture is worth a thousand words," it applies to this compilation. In one photo, we see Trump and Obama side by side, smiling as Obama waves at the camera, but in another, we see Trump pointing his menacing finger at Obama's chest, seeming like a threat. These two photos make you look twice as they both show complete opposite emotions.

Lara
  • 7. Lara | 2017-02-16

In these photos of Trump's inaugration people can be decriped as elated and excited. But as people say: 'Never trust the press' because pictures can be modified or if captured at a certain moment could show an feeling that in fact was in real life another. For exemple: The picture of Obama and Michelle standing next to Trump and Meliana Obama is giving the pressinfront of him a huge smile and so is everyone ( and this isn't just a wanting to look good for the camera) But you can never master lieing and the truth comes out somehow. So comment started flying around that they were all fake smiles. Some photos do show a little pain and restrant from the truth in the faces of the people in the crowd and even Michelle. Puting on a good face for the press they try and repress their true feelings or thoughts. Which has worked in several occasions so now the press who has captured the truth and the happy smiles. It is their choice which to chose. So mnay newpapers will choose to post the smiles to give a good comment on the inaugration though some may wish to show the people to truth.

Ming-An Fasquelle
  • 8. Ming-An Fasquelle | 2017-02-16

I think that this image has two sides to it and it is partly subjective and partly objective. This photo has become one of the most popular and iconic ones from the recent Trump Inauguration as it shows what most of the public wants to see: Trump being rude and impolite, showing him to be an unfit and incapable president and representative of the United States. Trump just happened to be caught in the moment, where he was pointing his finger at Obama, which shows one side of his personality and his manners, but it does not reflect the whole ceremony. It would be unfair to make a judgment based on one photo. However, all the media coverage on Trump is relatively negative and somewhat questionable, so this could be an authentic image of Trump's behavior and composure towards Obama. There are multiple factors that go into making this photo viral. Firstly, Obama and Trump are on the list of the top most prominent and well known political figures in the world, who both represent a very influential country, which can only boost the popularity of the photo. Secondly, throughout the election, Obama was supporting Hillary's campaign (as he is democrat), and not only that, but him, his family, and his famous supporters were publicly addressing Hillary's Republican opponent harshly, with their brash and bold opinions on him, and were very adamant about how poor they believed his values and manners were. Although Obama largely contributed to this rivalry, he was only responding to the numerous remarks that Trump had made along his campaign. Trump made some racist remarks about whether Obama was even a U.S citizen, since he is African American. And Trump has also make some sexist and objectifying remarks about women (calling them pigs, dirty, or rating them on a scale of 1 to 10) and his Democratic female opponent. This photo was meant to be popular among the people who were against Trump and his approach towards certain policies and social issues, and made to anger his conservative supporters.
Most importantly, this photo stirs controversy and begins a conversation, so that is the primary element to making this photo a viral one.

Aki O'Neill
  • 9. Aki O'Neill | 2017-02-16

Aki O'Neill 8C
February 16th 2017

And you what do you think? Do these photos give an objective and realistic picture of the ceremon y, or are they oriented according to a certain bias?

I believe that this photo is not trustworthy it is mostly likely taken by the photographer to be used in an opinion or cause that he believes in. In this case the picture seems to have to taken to make people think that President Donald J. Trump was being hostile to former President Barrack Obama, however what I believe is probably the case is that the picture was probably taken while the President was making a hand gesture or pointing at something. Then the photographer either gave or sold the photo to liberal media so they could use it against the acting President or boost their views with some catchy headlines. What could also have happened is that the photographer dislikes Trump so he posted it on the internet without context so that any liberals surfing the web could come to their own conclusions and start an anti-Trump campaign. This shows that pictures are not entirely reliable because without context they can used for whatever opinion or cause that the user has in mind.

Eleanor
  • 10. Eleanor | 2017-02-16

This photo shows Trump greeting Barack Obama at the presidential inauguration. Barack´s face is solemn, and as the two men exchange a tight handshake, he places a hand on Trump´s shoulder. The Donald, meanwhile, is seen jabbing an outstretched finger at Obama´s chest. This photo is certainly not taken from an objective point of view, as in the moment captured, the finger looks aggressive and accusing. Trump is depicted as a bully towering over Barack Obama. This image has been widely circulated because it shows Trump as a crude, hostile man, which is what many news stories have shown him to be. This is undeniably what most of the American public wants to hear. However, this was taken in a very fleeting moment, and Trump may have greeted Obama warmly afterwards. His past statements, though, do indicate that he is a reactionary man. Therefore, this picture is subjective, but does embody an aspect of Trump which is well-known: his coarseness. This photo cannot give us a clear impression of what kind of a man Trump is, but it tells us what general opinions of him are. And since the image was so widely see, it is clear that a large part of America sees Trump as a coarse and rude man. In any case, there is no denying that this photo is extremely powerful, if quite biased.

Elizabeth
  • 11. Elizabeth | 2017-02-16

This picture managed to become extremely famous because of the two iconic humans that were captured. Barack Obama and Donald Trump are always being photographed, therefor most pictures end up in the papers or online. This specific one catches eyes because of the hand figure Trump is doing towards a very highly respected man. We already learned from our parents that it is rude to point at others, so to see a well known man point at one of the most respected men on earth is astonishing. Many people in the U.S have different opinions on Trump. There has been many protests and marches against the man and his decisions. America has always been "The Land of the Free" but some people now believe that our new president is changing that idea. Obama has always been very respected, during his eight years as president and now couple months after. Many people on the internet started a trend #obamadontgo to show their love towards the 44th president. Trump's campaign was "Make America Great Again" as he stats that he will build a wall to control the immigration problem the U.S has been having for a while. This photograph has an important impact on the future of America. It's showing the leaving of Barack Obama and the coming of Donald Trump. Our new president takes the thrown and watches the old walk away. The people who believe America has made the right choice are looking forward to the future and are excited to see what's now in store. For some, this image is the announcement of of a new beginning. A new utopia America once was. Some idolize Trump because of the promises he made to the U.S. and how he is willing to do whatever it takes to solve the immigration problem.

Nicholas Palmieri
  • 12. Nicholas Palmieri | 2017-02-16

This photo is extremely subjective; it is clearly pejorative of the Republican Party. Representing President of the United States of America Donald J. Trump and his son Eric Trump as rude and smiling men while former President Obama transfers power with a frown plainly upon his face. This image attempts to place former President Obama as a serious and formal man while portraying President Trump and his son as gloating, informal men. It also attempts to contrast the white President Trump with the African-American Obama. The gesture that President Trump made while speaking was caught by the photographer in a pathetic attempt to make it look malicious. This is clearly some far-flung left-wing reporter's attempt to make news.
I regard this photography as dishonest and not representative of the inauguration. It is one-sided and attacks the Republican Party and President Trump's campaign. The camera caught a harmless gesture and the photographer attempted to use it in order to attack the President.
A truly objective photographer would not just take an image when he or she felt it made President Trump look bad, he or she would seek to portray an innocent conversation and handshake as such.

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